Selective activation of carotid nerve fibers by acetylcholine applied to the cat petrosal ganglion in vitro

Alcayaga J.; Varas, R.; Arroyo, J.; Iturriaga R.; Zapata, P

Keywords: acid, animals, serotonin, antagonists, acetylcholine, chemoreceptor, fibers, cholinergic, male, nicotine, cat, nerve, tissue, body, female, article, cats, sinus, animal, sensory, priority, carotid, nonhuman, journal, gamma-Aminobutyric, electrostimulation, ganglion, Ganglia,, glossopharyngeal, Ganglionic, Stimulants


The petrosal ganglion innervates carotid body chemoreceptors through the carotid (sinus) nerve. These primary sensory neurons are activated by transmitters released from receptor (glomus) cells, acetylcholine (ACh) having been proposed as one of the transmitters involved in this process. Since the perikarya of primary sensory neurons share several properties with peripheral sensory endings, we studied the electrical responses of the carotid nerve and glossopharyngeal branch to ACh locally applied to the cat petrosal ganglion superfused in vitro. Ganglionar applications of AChCl (1 ?g - 1 mg) generated bursts of action potentials conducted along the carotid nerve, while only a few spikes were exceptionally recorded from the glossopharyngeal branch in response to the largest doses. Carotid nerve responses to ACh were dose-dependent, the higher doses inducing transient desensitization. Application of nicotine to the petrosal ganglion also evoked dose-dependent excitatory responses in the carotid nerve. Responses to ACh were reversibly antagonized by adding hexamethonium to the superfusate, more intense and prolonged block of ACh responses being produced by mecamylamine. Ganglionar applications of ?-amino butyric acid and serotonin, in doses of up to 5 mg, did not induce firing of action potentials in any of the branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve. Our results indicate that petrosal ganglion neurons projecting through the carotid nerve are selectively activated by ACh acting on nicotinic ACh receptors located in the somata of these neurons. Thus, cholinosensitivity would be shared by the membranes of peripheral endings and perikarya of primary sensory neurons involved in arterial chemoreception.

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Título de la Revista: BRAIN RESEARCH
Volumen: 786
Número: 1-2
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 1998
Página de inicio: 47
Página final: 54