Responses to hypoxia of petrosal ganglia in vitro

Alcayaga J.; Varas, R.; Arroyo, J.; Iturriaga R.; Zapata, P

Keywords: oxygen, enzyme, animals, poisons, potentials, dopamine, hypoxia, agents, sodium, cat, vitro, nerve, cyanide, tissue, body, drug, inhibitors, article, anoxia, dose-response, cats, sinus, controlled, animal, action, sensory, study, chemical, priority, uncoupling, carotid, in, nonhuman, journal, Relationship,, potential, evoked, ganglion, Ganglia,, glossopharyngeal, azide, Stimulation,, 2,4-Dinitrophenol


NaCN is a classical stimulus used to elicit discharges from carotid body chemoreceptors. The effect is assumed to be mediated by glomus (type I) cells, which release an excitatory transmitter for the excitation of carotid nerve endings. Since the sensory perikarya of the glossopharyngeal nerve (from which the carotid nerve branches) are located in the petrosal ganglion, we tested whether application of this drug to the petrosal ganglion superfused in vitro elicits antidromic discharges in the carotid nerve. NaCN did indeed cause an intense and prolonged burst of nerve impulses in the carotid nerve, while provoking a less intense and much briefer burst of discharges in the glossopharyngeal branch. Carotid nerve responses to NaCN were reduced and shortened by prior or following application of dopamine to the ganglion. Sodium azide applied to the petrosal ganglion evoked a less intense and much briefer burst of impulses in the carotid nerve. Ganglionar application of 2,4-dinitrophenol did not induce discharges in the carotid nerve. Switching the superfusion of the ganglion from a normoxic to a hypoxic solution did not evoke discharges in the carotid nerve. Therefore, the perikarya of carotid nerve neurons are sensitive to NaCN, but are not excited by reducing the pO2 of the superfusing solution. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Título de la Revista: BRAIN RESEARCH
Volumen: 845
Número: 1
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 1999
Página de inicio: 28
Página final: 34