Biochemical predictors of cardiac rhythm at 1 year follow-up in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Acevedo M.; Corbalan, R; Braun, S; Gonzalez, I; Pereira J.; Navarrete C.


C-reactive protein (CRP) is increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and it might predict the lack of sinus rhythm maintenance in the long term follow-up. Scarce data have been reported relating endothelial dysfunction and/or haemostatic or platelet markers to sinus rhythm maintenance in AF patients. We aimed to determine whether some biochemical markers including soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), soluble P-selectin, thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complex and CRP levels could predict sinus rhythm maintenance at 1 year follow-up in non-valvular AF patients. 130 patients (70 males, mean age 67 ± 13 years) with newly diagnosed AF naïve of antithrombotic or antiplatelet therapy were studied. Baseline CRP, P-selectin, sTM and TAT levels were compared to those of 20 matched-healthy subjects in sinus rhythm. AF patients had significantly higher plasma CRP (10.5 ± 2.2 vs 3.25 ± 0.3 mg/l, p = 0.001), P-selectin (219 ± 141 vs 126 ng/ml, p = 0.01), and TAT (54 ± 237 vs 2.7 ± 3.3 ng/l, p = 0.001) levels compared with controls. Soluble TM levels, although higher than controls, did not reach statistical significance. Multivariate regression analyses showed that elevated CRP (OR = 4.8, p = 0.02) and sTM (OR = 1.05, p = 0.04) were the only two predictors of lack of sinus rhythm at 1 year follow-up. An altered inflammatory, haemostatic, endothelial and platelet environment exists in newly diagnosed AF patients. CRP and sTM levels might be used as biochemical markers to predict the status of cardiac rhythm at 1 year follow-up in some AF patients. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Página de inicio: 1
Página final: 6