ompW is cooperatively upregulated by MarA and SoxS in response to menadione

Collao B; Morales, EH; Gil, F; Calderon, IL; Saavedra, CP


OmpW is a minor porin whose biological function has not been clearly defined. Evidence obtained in our laboratory indicates that in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium the expression of OmpW is activated by SoxS upon exposure to paraquat and it is required for resistance. SoxS belongs to the AraC family of transcriptional regulators, like MarA and Rob. Due to their high structural similarity, the genes under their control have been grouped in the mar/sox/rob regulon, which presents a DNA-binding consensus sequence denominated the mars ox box. In this work, we evaluated the role of the transcription factors MarA, SoxS and Rob of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium in regulating ompW expression in response to menadione. We determined the transcript and protein levels of OmpW in different genetic backgrounds; in the wild-type and Delta rob strains ompW was upregulated in response to menadione, while in the Delta marA and Delta soxS strains the induction was abolished. In a double marA soxS mutant, ompW transcript levels were lowered after exposure to menadione, and only complementation in trans with both genes restored the positive regulation. Using transcriptional fusions and electrophoretic mobility shift assays with mutant versions of the promoter region we demonstrated that two of the predicted sites were functional. Additionally, we demonstrated that MarA increases the affinity of SoxS for the ompW promoter region. In conclusion, our study shows that ompW is upregulated in response to menadione in a cooperative manner by MarA and SoxS through a direct interaction with the promoter region.

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Título según WOS: ompW is cooperatively upregulated by MarA and SoxS in response to menadione
Título según SCOPUS: OmpW is cooperatively upregulated by mara and SoxS in response to menadione
Título de la Revista: MICROBIOLOGY-SGM
Volumen: 159
Número: 4
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página de inicio: 715
Página final: 725
Idioma: English