Targeting Adenosine Signaling to Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) continues being the primary cause of chronic hemodialysis and terminal renal disease worldwide. At tissue levels the DN occurs with glomerulopathy affecting the integrity of the filtration barrier and with an extensive glomerular and tubule-interstitial fibrosis. Current available therapeutic approaches have only demonstrated a modest effect on progression of kidney injury. Therefore, more research concerning the pathomechanisms and possible interventions are needed. Interestingly, in the last years it has been documented that DN progresses with growing levels of the nucleoside adenosine. This finding increased the interest in the events controlling the extracellular levels of the nucleoside. While the metabolism of extracellular ATP and cyclic AMP are well recognized sources, evidences regarding the role of the equilibrative nucleoside transporters in controlling adenosine availability and promoting diabetic glomerulopathy have recently acquired a pivotal role. The physiological effects of nucleoside are mediated by the P-1 family of adenosine receptors. It has been shown in vivo that the use of an antagonist of the A(2B) receptor subtype can block the most remarkable early alterations seen in diabetic glomerulopathy. Furthermore, using models of chronic kidney injury it was demonstrated that fibrosis can also be blocked using treatment with the antagonist of A(2B) receptor subtype. This review highlights these findings that correlate the activity of a low affinity adenosine receptor with an increase in the ligand availability in the pathological state. In addition, we discuss the possible therapeutic interventions of adenosine signaling with regards to DN treatment.
|Título según WOS:||Targeting Adenosine Signaling to Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy|
|Título de la Revista:||CURRENT DRUG TARGETS|
|Editorial:||BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2013|
|Página de inicio:||490|