Towards a unified way of comparing the electrocatalytic activity MN4 macrocyclic metal catalysts for O-2 reduction on the basis of the reversible potential of the reaction
We have revisited correlations between catalytic activity and formal potentials of MN4 catalysts for the reduction of O-2 (ORR). When comparing the activities of Cr, Mn, Co and Fe MN4 complexes for ORR as a plot of (log i/n)(E) versus the M(III)/(II) formal potential of the catalyst (n = number of electrons involved in the ORR), two linear correlations are obtained: one for Cr, Mn and Fe complexes and another for Co complexes. Mn and Fe are 4-electron reduction catalysts and Cr and Co are 2-electron reduction catalysts for ORR in alkaline media. We show that instead of plotting the formal potential E degrees' of the catalyst but the difference between this parameter and the reversible potential E-rev of the corresponding catalytic reaction (O-2/OH-) or (O-2/HO2-), as (E degrees' - E-rev) and using the Co(II)/(I) formal potential for cobalt macrocyclics, instead of the Co(III)/(II) redox couple, all data points merge into one single linear correlation of slope + 0.170 V/decade. It is possible that when (E degrees' - E-rev) approaches zero, the maximum activity could be achieved and this is especially important for 4-electron catalysts and the linear correlation might be part of an incomplete volcano correlation. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Towards a unified way of comparing the electrocatalytic activity MN4 macrocyclic metal catalysts for O-2 reduction on the basis of the reversible potential of the reaction|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Towards a unified way of comparing the electrocatalytic activity MN4 macrocyclic metal catalysts for O2 reduction on the basis of the reversible potential of the reaction|
|Título de la Revista:||ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS|
|Editorial:||Elsevier Science Inc.|
|Fecha de publicación:||2014|
|Página de inicio:||24|