Trace element concentrations in schoolyard soils from the Talcahuano, Chile

Tume, P; King R.; Gonzalez E.; Bustamante, G; Reverter F.; Roca, N; Bech, J

Keywords: Chile; Contamination; Schoolyards; Talcahuano; Trace elements


It is well documented that infants and children have a greater intake per unit of body weight of soil, air and water. The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence and concentrations of potentially toxic metals/metalloids in soils to which children are exposed to during outdoor school activities. A total of 76 soil samples from 38 schoolyards throughout Talcahuano, Chile were collected. For each schoolyard site, a sample of the topsoil (ts, 0 to 10 cm) and subsurface soil (ss, 10 to 20 cm) was collected for analysis. The processed samples were analyzed by ICP-emission spectrometry following aqua regia digestion for the following elements: As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn. The median concentrations (mg kg(-1)) obtained include: As 6 (range 1-24), Cr 29 (14-253), Cu 40 (11-190), Ni 30(7-79), Pb 26.5 (3-349), and Zn 172 (29-1865). Different methods were evaluated in order to facilitate the best diagnosis of contamination. First, the trace element geochemical background was determined using basic descriptive statistics. Second, the basic descriptive statistics were then compared with Dutch guidelines, in order to evaluate-whether the concentrations measured in soils were abnormally large. By comparing the results of the different methods, we estimate that 34% of the schoolyards demonstrate contamination. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: Trace element concentrations in schoolyard soils from the Talcahuano, Chile
Título según SCOPUS: Trace element concentrations in schoolyard soils from the port city of Talcahuano, Chile
Volumen: 147
Número: PB
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 229
Página final: 236
Idioma: English