Carotenoid Pigments, Polyphenols, Tocopherols and Fat Composition of Extra Virgin Olive Oils Produced in Chile

Portilla G.; Robert, P; Sepúlveda B.; Romero, N

Keywords: polyphenols, tocopherols, carotenoid pigments, extra virgin olive oil

Abstract

Bioactive and minor compounds (carotenoid pigments, polyphenols and tocopherols) and fat composition of Chilean extra virgin olive oils were determined in 52 Chilean monovarietal oils. Cultivars of 'Arbequina', 'Frantoio' and 'Picual' were grown in various geographical areas along 1100 km (latitude 26-35 degrees). Olives were sampled during May and June, which corresponded to stage of ripeness 2-4 during two consecutive crops (2008 and 2009). The results of this study indicate that the contents of fatty acid were within the limits established by the International Olive Council (IOC). 'Picual' showed significantly higher values (P<0.05) for oleic acid than 'Arbequina' and 'Frantoio'. On the other hand, linoleic acid in 'Picual' was significantly lower than in 'Arbequina' and 'Frantoio'. beta-carotene and lutein contents were the main carotenoid pigments, exhibiting values up to 8.1 and 17.4 mg/kg oil, respectively, with no significant differences between varieties. Alpha tocopherol and polyphenols showed no significant differences between cultivars, except for the 2008 crop, which presented alpha-tocopherol values ranging from 141 to 326 mg/kg, slightly higher than the 2009 crop (94-205 mg/kg), and a different behaviour was also observed for polyphenols, ranging from 93 to 378 mg/kg in 2008 and from 197 to 769 mg/kg in 2009.

Más información

Título según WOS: Carotenoid Pigments, Polyphenols, Tocopherols and Fat Composition of Extra Virgin Olive Oils Produced in Chile
Título de la Revista: PROCEEDINGS OF THE IIIRD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MODELS FOR PLANT GROWTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL AND FARM MANAGEMENT IN PROTECTED CULTIVATION
Volumen: 1057
Editorial: INT SOC HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 619
Página final: 626
Idioma: English
Notas: ISI