Biogeographical patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in the Southeastern Pacific littoral

Lancellotti, D. A.; Vasquez J. A.

Keywords: chile, zoogeography, littoral zone, marine macroinvertebrates, Transitional-Temperate region

Abstract

Aim, To use new collections and taxonomic reviews of the Chilean coastal biota, and studies on biodiversity on a reappraisal of Southeastern Pacific littoral biogeography. Location, The temperate coastline of the Southeastern Pacific, extending over 6000 km from northern Peru to the southern tip of Chile. Methods, Records of coastal macroinvertebrates were assigned to ten geographic zones along the Chilean coast. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient, q, was used to establish the relationship between the total number of species and the number of single records for each zone. Regions and underlying faunal gradient were verified via an unweighted paired group method using arithmetic averages (UPGMA), and ordination non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) analysis based on a disagreement distance matrix of presence/absence data. Abundance down-weighting was preferred to rare species down-weighting, owing to the nature of the records, where a larger number of references for a given taxon did not necessarily indicate a greater abundance or commonness. The dissimilarity matrices between the different zones were used to establish the degree of agreement between the different levels of analysis, using a weighted Spearman rank correlation coefficient qw. Statistical significance was established using a randomization (permutation) test. Main conclusions, Analysis of new macroinvertebrate data and taxonomic reviews of the Chilean coastal fauna indicates a Transitional-Temperate Region for the Southeastern Pacific littoral, located between 35°S and 48°S where a gradual mixing and replacement of species negates previous hypotheses on the existence of a marked distributional break at 42°S.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Journal of Biogeography
Volumen: 26
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 1999
Página de inicio: 1001
Página final: 1006
Idioma: Inglés
Notas: ISI