Native and non-native trees can find compatible mycorrhizal partners in each other's dominated areas

Policelli, Nahuel; Horton, Thomas R.; Garcia, Rafael A.; Naour, Matias; Pauchard, Anibal; Nunez, Martin A.


Aims Biological invasions have historically been addressed mostly from an aboveground perspective, so little is known about the impacts of belowground invasions. We studied the impact of belowground invasions on growth of native tree species and test the possibility of novel interactions between native and non-native hosts and native and non-native belowground symbionts. Methods We combined field and growth chamber studies. With a growth chamber bioassay we compared growth and root colonization percentage of nativeNothofagusand non-native invasive pine species, both highly dependent on ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF), growing in pine invaded and non-invaded soils from nativeNothofagusforest. We evaluated the identity of EMF species associated with both hosts in the different soil sources from the bioassay and we performed anin situroot sampling in the field. Results We found that both hosts grew equally well in both soil sources in terms of biomass, with high percent of root colonization, and no cross-host colonization of symbiotic EMF except for one species ofSistotremafound on both hosts. Conclusions Soil where invasive hosts are absent is already conditioned by the presence of non-native invasive EMF. Native trees may be able to remain in the invaded area due to the presence of native EMF. The presence of native hosts is not hindering the invasion of non-native hosts and the presence of native belowground fungal mutualists seems not to hinder the spread of their non-native counterparts.

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Título según WOS: Native and non-native trees can find compatible mycorrhizal partners in each other's dominated areas
Título de la Revista: PLANT AND SOIL
Volumen: 454
Número: 1-2
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Página de inicio: 285
Página final: 297


Notas: ISI