Soil Redox Controls CO2, CH4 and N2O Efflux from White-Rot Fungi in Temperate Forest Ecosystems

Merino, Carolina; Jofre, Ignacio; Matus, Francisco


Microaerophilic white-rot fungi (WRF) are impacted by oxygen depletion because of fluctuating redox occurrence in southern temperate forest soils of Chile (1500-5000 mm year(-1)). How these conditions influence WRF survival has been scarcely examined. We explored the contributions of WRF to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of N2O and CH4 and soil organic C oxidation (CO2) in five sterilized and inoculated forest soils derived from various parent materials and climates. The soil was incubated for 20 days following (i) oxic, (ii) anoxic, and (iii) fluctuating redox conditions. Fungi contributed to 45% of the total GHG under redox fluctuating conditions, including the contribution of bacteria, while the opposite (26%) was valid for oxic treatment. On average, the highest gas emission (62%) was N2O for WRF under redox treatment, followed by anoxic (22%) and oxic (16%) treatments, while CO2 and CH4 emissions followed oxic > redox > anoxic. These data suggest that indigenous microbial WRF communities are well adapted to fluctuating redox milieu with a significant release of GHG emissions in humid temperate forests of the southern cone.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000689428500001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF FUNGI
Volumen: 7
Número: 8
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2021


Notas: ISI