Distance and Potential Dependence of Charge Transport Through the Reaction Center of Individual Photosynthetic Complexes

Lopez-Ortiz, Manuel; Zamora, Ricardo A.; Giannotti, Marina Ines; Hu, Chen; Croce, Roberta; Gorostiza, Pau


Charge separation and transport through the reaction center of photosystem I (PSI) is an essential part of the photosynthetic electron transport chain. A strategy is developed to immobilize and orient PSI complexes on gold electrodes allowing to probe the complex's electron acceptor side, the chlorophyll special pair P700. Electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (ECSTM) imaging and current-distance spectroscopy of single protein complex shows lateral size in agreement with its known dimensions, and a PSI apparent height that depends on the probe potential revealing a gating effect in protein conductance. In current-distance spectroscopy, it is observed that the distance-decay constant of the current between PSI and the ECSTM probe depends on the sample and probe electrode potentials. The longest charge exchange distance (lowest distance-decay constant beta) is observed at sample potential 0 mV/SSC (SSC: reference electrode silver/silver chloride) and probe potential 400 mV/SSC. These potentials correspond to hole injection into an electronic state that is available in the absence of illumination. It is proposed that a pair of tryptophan residues located at the interface between P700 and the solution and known to support the hydrophobic recognition of the PSI redox partner plastocyanin, may have an additional role as hole exchange mediator in charge transport through PSI.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000727435400001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: SMALL
Volumen: 18
Número: 7
Fecha de publicación: 2022


Notas: ISI