Dehydration of ethyl lactate over alkaline earth phosphates: Performances, effect of water on reaction pathways and active sites

Blanco, E.; Lorentz, C.; Delichere, P.; Burel, L.; Vrinat, M.; Millet, J. M. M.; Loridant, S.


In this work, alkaline earth phosphates have been prepared by co-precipitation and evaluated in gas phase dehydration of ethyl lactate to acrylic acid and ethyl acrylate. These solids, which were previously shown to be active for the dehydration of lactic acid, appeared more efficient. Indeed, it was shown that the decarbonylation/decarboxylation route leading to acetaldehyde was strongly inhibited compared to conversion of lactic acid and molar selectivity values to dehydration products reaching 87% were obtained. Furthermore, it was shown that the deactivation of the catalysts could strongly be slowed by addition of water vapor to the feed. The reaction pathways have been studied in the presence and absence of water and it was shown that acrylic acid was mainly formed by a simultaneous dehydration/hydrolysis reaction. The characterization of the catalysts surface from the results of XPS, cross polarization NMR, DRIFT and TEM showed the presence of a surface amorphous layer containing POH species. In situ DRIFT measurements have revealed that formation of POH groups was favored under water vapor and that these species interacted with reactants or reaction products at the reaction temperature. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:000362379800066 Not found in local WOS DB
Volumen: 180
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Página de inicio: 596
Página final: 606


Notas: ISI