Exosomes and cystic Echinococcosis. Systematic review

Carlos Manterola; Pamela Leal

Keywords: hydatid cyst, echinococcosis, hydatidosis, exosomes, extracellular vesicles, Cystic Echinococcosis.


Exosomes are small and single-membrane secreted organelles, up to 200 nm in diameter that have the same topology as the cell, but are enriched in proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and glycoconjugates. It can be found in any type of body fluids such as plasma, urine, saliva, sperm, bile, etc.On the other hand, cystic Echinococcosis (CE) has been studied from different points of view, among others, from genomics and proteomics, and the presence of CE exosomes in humans and other intermediate hosts has been reported in very few articles.The aim of this review was to report the evidence available regarding exosomes and CE. Systematic review. Data sources: Trip Database, SciELO, WoS, MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCOPUS. Eligibility criteria: Studies related to CEin any type of host and state of the parasite, without language restriction, published between 1966-2021. Variables: Year of publication, geographical origin, species isolated, location of exosomes. Forty-two studies were initially identified. After scrutinizing titles and abstracts, checking duplications and in-depth analysis of the studies selected, 12 articles including human, bovine, sheep, dog samples were also included. All were case reports or case series. The highest proportion of articles was published between 2019 and 2021 (58.3 %). Publications were predominantly from China (58.3 %). Evidence about exosomes and CE is scarce and reduced range of articles and cases.

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Título de la Revista: International Journal of Morphology
Volumen: 40
Editorial: Dr. Mariano Del Sol. Universidad de la Frontera, Chile.
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Página de inicio: 115
Página final: 121
Idioma: Ingles