ATP- and ACh-induced responses in isolated cat petrosal ganglion neurons

Alcayaga, C; Varas, R.; Valdes, V; Cerpa, V; Arroyo, J.; Iturriaga R.; Alcayaga J.

Abstract

Chemoreceptor (glomus) cells of the carotid body are synaptically connected to the sensory nerve endings of petrosal ganglion (PG) neurons. In response to natural stimuli, the glomus cells release transmitters, which acting on the nerve terminals of petrosal neurons increases the chemosensory afferent discharge. Among several transmitter molecules present in glomus cells, acetylcholine (ACh) and adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) are considered to act as excitatory transmitter in this synapse. To test if ACh and ATP play a role as excitatory transmitters in the cat CB, we recorded the electrophysiological responses from PG neurons cultured in vitro. Under voltage clamp, ATP induces a concentration-dependent inward current that partially desensitizes during 20-30 s application pulses. The ATP-induced current has a threshold near 100 nM and saturates between 20-50 μM. ACh induces a fast, inactivating inward current, with a threshold between 10-50 μM, and saturates around 1 mM. A large part of the population of PG neurons (60%) respond to both ATP and ACh. Present results support the hypothesis that ACh and ATP act as excitatory transmitters between cat glomus cells and PG neurons. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: ATP- and ACh-induced responses in isolated cat petrosal ganglion neurons
Título según SCOPUS: ATP- and ACh-induced responses in isolated cat petrosal ganglion neurons
Título de la Revista: BRAIN RESEARCH
Volumen: 1131
Número: 1
Editorial: Elsevier
Fecha de publicación: 2007
Página de inicio: 60
Página final: 67
Idioma: English
URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006899306032707
DOI:

10.1016/j.brainres.2006.11.012

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS