Tree Cover Species Modify the Diversity of Rhizosphere-Associated Microorganisms in Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst Temperate Forests in South-Central Chile

Leonardo Almonacid- Muñoz ; Hector Herrera; Andrés Fuentes-Ramírez; Rodrigo Vargas-Gaete; Giovanni Larama; Ronald Jara; Camila Fernández-Urrutia; Rafael Borges da Silva Valadares

Keywords: bacteria, fungi, rhizosphere, native forest, soil microbial communities, pine plantation


Chilean native forests have been subjected to several types of disturbances, with one of them being the replacement by exotic species. Pinus radiata D. Don is a widespread exotic tree that forms extensive plantations in southern Chile. It covers extended areas, affecting the landscape, biodiversity, and ecosystem services associated with native forest ecosystems. Although advances in assessing the impact of exotic plant species have been conducted, few studies have focused on the alteration of soil microorganisms. This study aimed to characterize the rhizosphere bacterial and fungal communities associated with the tree species Nothofagus obliqua inside a native forest stand and within a P. radiata plantation growing nearby. We used a 16S rRNA gene and ITS region metabarcoding approach. Using bioinformatics, diversity indices, relative abundance, preferential taxa, and predicted functions and guilds were estimated. The β-diversity analysis showed that both factors, the type of soil (rhizosphere or bulk soil) and the type of site (native forest or P. radiata plantation), were significant, with the site explaining most of the variation among bacterial and fungal communities. Proteobacteria and Basidiomycota were the most abundant bacterial and fungal phyla in both types of soil and sites. Similarly, bacteria showed similar abundant taxa at the family level, independent of the soil type or the site. The main fungal taxa associated with native forests were Tricholomataceae and Cantharellales, whereas in P. radiata plantations, Russulaceae and Hyaloscyphaceae were the most abundant families. The main bacteria functional groups were chemoheterotrophy and aerobic chemoheterotrophy, without significant differences between the type of soil or sites. Overall, these results demonstrate that the composition and diversity of bacterial and fungal communities associated with native N. obliqua forest are influenced by the surrounding forest, and mainly depend on the site’s characteristics, such as the lignin-rich wood source. These results improve our understanding of the impact of native forest replacement on soil microbial communities, which can alter microbial-related soil ecosystem services.

Más información

Título de la Revista: FORESTS
Volumen: 13
Número: 5
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2022
Notas: indexed within Scopus, SCIE (Web of Science), Ei Compendex, GEOBASE, PubAg, AGRIS, PaperChem,