### Local certification of graphs with bounded genus

### Abstract

Naor, Parter, and Yogev [SODA 2020] recently designed a compiler for automatically translating standard centralized interactive protocols to distributed interactive protocols, as introduced by Kol, Oshman, and Saxena [PODC 2018]. In particular, by using this compiler, every linear-time algorithm for deciding the membership to some fixed graph class can be translated into a dMAM(O(log n)) protocol for this class, that is, a distributed interactive protocol with O(log n)-bit proof size in n-node graphs, and three interactions between the (centralized) computationally-unbounded but non-trustable prover Merlin, and the (decentralized) randomized computationally-limited verifier Arthur. As a corol-lary, there is a dMAM(O(log n)) protocol for recognizing the class of planar graphs, as well as for recognizing the class of graphs with bounded genus.We show that there exists a distributed interactive protocol for recognizing the class of graphs with bounded genus performing just a single interaction, from the prover to the verifier, yet preserving proof size of O(log n) bits. This result also holds for the class of graphs with bounded non-orientable genus, that is, graphs that can be embedded on a non-orientable surface of bounded genus. The interactive protocols described in this paper are actually proof-labeling schemes, i.e., a subclass of interactive protocols, previously introduced by Korman, Kutten, and Peleg [PODC 2005]. In particular, these schemes do not require any randomization from the verifier, and the proofs may often be computed a priori, at low cost, by the nodes themselves. Our results thus extend the recent proof-labeling scheme for planar graphs by Feuilloley et al. [PODC 2020], to graphs of bounded genus, and to graphs of bounded non-orientable genus. (c) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

### Más información

Título según WOS: | ID WOS:000884423700002 Not found in local WOS DB |

Título de la Revista: | DISCRETE APPLIED MATHEMATICS |

Volumen: | 325 |

Editorial: | Elsevier |

Fecha de publicación: | 2023 |

Página de inicio: | 9 |

Página final: | 36 |

DOI: |
10.1016/j.dam.2022.10.004 |

Notas: | ISI |