Supra-Threshold LS CE-Chirp Auditory Brainstem Response in the Elderly

Maass, Juan C.; Leiva, Alexis; Torrente, Mariela; Vergara, Rodrigo; Belkhiria, Chama; Delgado, Carolina; Delano, Paul H.


Introduction: Aging deteriorates peripheral and central auditory structures and functions. In elders, for an accurate audiological evaluation, it is important to explore beyond the cochlear receptor. Audiograms provide an estimation of hearing thresholds, while the amplitudes and latencies of supra-threshold auditory brainstem response (ABR) can offer noninvasive measures of the auditory pathways functioning. Regarding ABR, in young populations, level-specific chirp (LS CE-chirp) stimulus has been proposed as an alternative synchronizing method to obtain larger ABR responses than those evoked by clicks. However, the supra-threshold characteristics of chirp evoked ABR, and their association to hearing thresholds is relatively unknown in the elderly. The aim of this study was to evaluate supra-threshold LS CE-chirp ABRs in an aged population by comparing their features with click ABRs, and evaluating their relationship with audiometric hearing thresholds. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study to characterize the hearing of 125 adults aged over 65 years. We determined the audiometric hearing thresholds and supra-threshold ABRs elicited by LS CE-chirp and click stimuli at 80 dB nHL. We evaluated associations by means of partial correlations and covariate adjustment. We performed specific frequencies' analysis and subgroup analysis per hearing level. Results: Wave V responses had significantly shorter latencies and larger amplitudes when elicited by LS CE-chirp as compared to click-evoked responses. Audiometric hearing thresholds correlated with age, but ABR characteristics did not. We found mild correlations between hearing thresholds and ABR characteristics, predominantly at higher frequencies and with chirp. We found scarce evidence of correlation between ABR characteristics and the average of behavioral hearing thresholds between 0.5 to 4 kHz (0.5-4 kHz PTA). After subgroup analysis according to the hearing level, no stronger or more significant correlations were found between ABR characteristics and 0.5-4 kHz PTA. Discussion: In this study, we found that supra-threshold LS CE-chirp ABR presented some of the previously described similitudes and differences with supra-threshold click ABR in younger populations. Although, the average amplitude and latency of wave V evoked by LS CE-chirp were larger and faster than those evoked by clicks, these results should be taken with caution at the individual level, and further studies are required to state that LS CE-chirp ABRs are better than click ABRs in elders for clinical evaluations. We did not find consistent associations between hearing thresholds and supra-threshold wave V features, suggesting that these measures should be considered independently in the elderly.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001185425500001 Not found in local WOS DB
Editorial: Karger
Fecha de publicación: 2024


Notas: ISI