Estimating soil water content in a thorny forest ecosystem by time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and HYDRUS 2D/3D simulations

Urbina, C. A.Faúndez; Alanís, Daniel Cabrera; Ramírez, Elizabeth; Seguel, Oscar; Fustos Toribio, Ivo J.; Donoso, Pablo Díaz; de Miranda, Jarbas Honorio; Rakonjac, Nikola; Elgueta, Sebastian; GALLEGUILLOS-CAAMANO, MAURICIO HUMBERTO


Determination of soil volumetric water content theta in forest ecosystems is particularly challenging due to deep rooting systems and unknown soil vertical and spatial heterogeneity. This research aims to test two undisturbed methods, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and HYDRUS 2D/3D, for 2D theta determination in a thorny forest ecosystem. The experiment consisted of infiltrating 10 L of water lasting 60 min. During infiltration, ERT measured apparent resistivity by time-lapse measurements, and theta was measured with an FDR probe (EnviroSCAN) at 33, 63, 83, 97, and 163 cm depth close to the infiltration site. At the end of infiltration, a soil pit was dug, and 100 measurements of theta were performed with a TDR in a 10 x 10 cm regular grid. Archie law transformed soil resistivity (ERT) into theta using manual calibration, verified by an independent dataset. The 2D theta profile obtained by ERT was qualitatively compared with the HYDRUS 2D/3D one. HYDRUS 2D/3D was parametrized with calibrated parameters obtained with HYDRUS 1D using 106 days of theta obtained with EnviroSCAN. The results of HYDRUS 1D calibration and verification were satisfactory, with RMSE and Nash-Sutcliffe coefficients ranging from 0.021 to 0.034 cm(3 )cm(-3) and 0.11 to 0.77, respectively. The forward HYDRUS 2D/3D theta simulation disagrees with EnviroSCAN data for 33 cm depth. However, it follows the trend with near to zero variation of water content at 63 cm depth. Water content determination by ERT was satisfactory with RMSE for calibration and verification of 0.017 and 0.021 cm(3) cm(-3). HYDRUS 2D/3D and ERT comparisons were not equal, with a shallower wetting front by ERT and a deeper one for HYDRUS. Still, both wetting fronts agree with the wetting depth estimated by EnviroSCAN. We conclude that both methods are an alternative for theta determination in heterogeneous and deep soils of forest ecosystems.

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Título según WOS: ID WOS:001082448200001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título según SCOPUS: ID SCOPUS_ID:85173572414 Not found in local SCOPUS DB
Volumen: 37
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2023