Dissecting the Roles of Phosphorus Use Efficiency, Organic Acid Anions, and Aluminum-Responsive Genes under Aluminum Toxicity and Phosphorus Deficiency in Ryegrass Plants

Parra-Almuna, Leyla; Pontigo, Sofia; Ruiz, Antonieta; Gonzalez, Felipe; Ferrol, Nuria; Mora, Maria de la Luz; Cartes, Paula


Aluminum (Al) toxicity and phosphorus (P) deficiency are widely recognized as major constraints to agricultural productivity in acidic soils. Under this scenario, the development of ryegrass plants with enhanced P use efficiency and Al resistance is a promising approach by which to maintain pasture production. In this study, we assessed the contribution of growth traits, P efficiency, organic acid anion (OA) exudation, and the expression of Al-responsive genes in improving tolerance to concurrent low-P and Al stress in ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Ryegrass plants were hydroponically grown under optimal (0.1 mM) or low-P (0.01 mM) conditions for 21 days, and further supplied with Al (0 and 0.2 mM) for 3 h, 24 h and 7 days. Accordingly, higher Al accumulation in the roots and lower Al translocation to the shoots were found in ryegrass exposed to both stresses. Aluminum toxicity and P limitation did not change the OA exudation pattern exhibited by roots. However, an improvement in the root growth traits and P accumulation was found, suggesting an enhancement in Al tolerance and P efficiency under combined Al and low-P stress. Al-responsive genes were highly upregulated by Al stress and P limitation, and also closely related to P utilization efficiency. Overall, our results provide evidence of the specific strategies used by ryegrass to co-adapt to multiple stresses in acid soils.

Más información

Título según WOS: ID WOS:001201163200001 Not found in local WOS DB
Título de la Revista: PLANTS-BASEL
Volumen: 13
Número: 7
Editorial: MDPI
Fecha de publicación: 2024


Notas: ISI