Validation of an anthropometric model for total body water determination in the elderly

Albala, C; Vio, F; Salazar G.; Ynaez M.; Bunout, D; Aicardi, V; Aguirre E.

Keywords: model, muscle, water, assay, mass, experiment, human, male, composition, aged, nutritional, status, body, female, dilution, article, anthropometry, isotope, deuterium, brachii, arm, wrist, priority, journal, normal, Total, skinfold, dynamometry, triceps


An anthropometric model for determination of total body water (TBW) consisting of specific equations previously proposed by the authors: Men TBW (1) = 9.349 + 0.617 Weight (kg) - 0 931 Mid arm circumference (cm) + 0.122 Dynamometry (kg), and women TBW (I) = -5.531 + 0 343 Weight (kg) - 0.213 Triceps Skinfold (mm) + 0.148 Dynamometry (kg) + 3.424 Wrist diameter (cm) was validated by comparing with deuterium dilution technique TBW measurement. The study was conducted in 41 healthy subjects, 20 men and 21 women, selected to assure comparability with the previous study. The required anthropometric measurements for the model were done Average TBW measured with anthropometric models was 29.4 (95% CI 27.6, 31.2) for women and 345 (95% CI 325, 36.5) for men and. TBW values measured with isotopic dilution were 298 (95% CI 27.9,31.7) in women and 34.8 (95% CI32.9,36.7). Bland and Altman analysis was used to compare both methods. The mean difference (I) between measurements is 0.4 (95% CI -6.46,7.26) in women and 0.3 (95% CI-6.36,+6.96) in men. The excellent agreement between the model based on anthropometric variables and the isotope dilution technique for body composition allows its utilization in the evaluation of nutritional status in the elderly. Furthermore, the validated model can be useful for clinical and epidemiological studies considering its low cost and easiness.

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Título de la Revista: NUTRITION RESEARCH
Volumen: 17
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 1997
Página de inicio: 1
Página final: 7