Genetic variability in demersal fishes: Depth distribution versus phylogenetic constrains Variabilidad genética en peces demersales: Distribución en profundidad versus restricciones filogenéticas

Oyarzun, G; Galleguillos R.; Monsalves, J.

Keywords: rostrata, pisces, macrouridae, Gadiformes, Moridae, Antimora, Macrourus, holotrachys


Microevolutionary processes in deep sea environment has been the most difficult to deal with. There are hypothesis that consider those environment as paradigm of stability. Another hypothesis postulate periodicals disturbations where the species reacts according with the plasticity of the genetic information and restricting phylogenetics. In this context genetic variability has been studied in three species that inhabit deep sea of the Chilean coast, two macrourids and a morid: Macrourus holotrachys, Caeloiynchus fasciatus and Antimora rostrata. 29 loci were studied and three of them are polymorphic coincident for the three species. The genetic variability is very low, 0.03; 0.026 and 0.05 respectively. Apparently these values fit with Smith and Fujio hypothesis that relates low variability and habitat generalist. On the other hand every species develops different behaviour with different capacities to explore the environment. The Gadiform group shows as a characteristics low variability (Smith and Fujio, 1982). In comparing against other groups the low variability could be the result of phylogenetic constrain in the group.

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Título de la Revista: SCIENTIA MARINA
Volumen: 61
Número: 3
Fecha de publicación: 1997
Página de inicio: 291
Página final: 296