Periodontal conditions and treatment needs, by CPITN, in the 35-44 and 65-74 year-old population in Santiago, Chile

Gamonal J.A.; Lopez N.J.; Aranda W.

Keywords: age, chile, prevalence, education, disease, patient, periodontitis, humans, diseases, human, male, statistics, aged, index, status, caries, sex, adult, female, scaling, cohort, article, difference, tooth, social, analysis, oral, assessment, needs, mouth, hygiene, class, periodontal, dentistry, factors, studies, loss, dental, Pocket, Educational, periodontics, preventive


A CPITN survey involving Chileans aged 35-44 and 65-74 was conducted. A random, stratified sample by age, gender, socio-economic status and educational level was obtained, comprising 1150 individuals. Prevalence of chronic inflammatory periodontal disease (Codes 3+4) was 90.89 per cent in subjects aged 35-44, and 100 per cent in subjects aged 65-74. The total prevalence for both age cohorts was 92.19 per cent. Prevalence of periodontal disease was slightly lower in females but severity was significantly higher in males. A significant association between socio-economic status and periodontal health was found. Prevalence (Code 3+4) was 56.44 per cent in subjects of high, 98 per cent in subjects of middle, and 100 per cent in subjects of low socio-economic status. Also, the mean number of sextants with pockets > 6mm (1.12) and mean number of excluded sextants (1.43) were significantly higher in subjects of low socio-economic status. An association between educational level and periodontal health was apparent. The only subjects who were periodontally healthy were in the group with university education. Prevalence of CITN (Code 3+4) was also significantly lower in subjects with university education. There was also a significant association between educational level and loss of teeth. Concerning missing teeth, 22 per cent were lost due to periodontal disease and 77 per cent due to caries. The prevalence of periodontal disease found in this adult representative Chilean population indicates that the entire population needs oral hygiene instruction and scaling, and that 45.70 per cent need complex periodontal treatment.

Más información

Volumen: 48
Número: 2
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 1998
Página de inicio: 96
Página final: 103