Lactation inhibits the potentiating effect of galanin upon the GnRH-induced LH release observed in diestrous-1 rat

Cardenas H.; Carvajal A.; Utreras, E; Nelson, P.; Moenne, A; Imarai M.

Keywords: rat, hormone, animals, transcription, rats, lactation, chain, release, gland, experiment, pituitary, polymerase, gonadorelin, female, radioimmunoassay, article, hypogonadism, animal, reverse, hypophysis, Reaction, nonhuman, Animalia, Rats,, Sprague-Dawley, Animals,, luteinizing, diestrus, suckling, Gonadotropin-Releasing, galanin, hypogonadotropic


Recent demonstrations of no changes in hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) gene expression and GnRH levels detected at the pituitary gland in diestrous and lactating rats, indicate that lactational hypogonadotropism in this species is not associated with inhibition of hypothalamic GnRH synthesis and secretion. Hypothalamic galanin potentiates GnRH effects on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in male and cycling rats. To explore the interaction between GnRH and galanin during lactation, we studied in vitro the effects of pulsatile stimulation with those peptides upon LH synthesis and secretion from rat pituitaries on diestrous 1 or day 10 of lactation. Hemipituitaries were separately incubated in 1 ml Dulbecco's Minimal Essential Medium supplemented with 1% penicillin-streptomycin and fetal calf serum, at 37°C in 5% CO 2-air. The hemipituitaries were stimulated during 12 h with hourly pulses, 6 min each of (a) gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH 25 ng/pulse), (b) rat galanin (600 ng/pulse), (c) GnRH plus galanin, or (d) saline. Medium was collected before each pulse to determine LH by radioimmunoassay. After the 12 h pulsatile regime total RNA was extracted and both actin and ?-LH mRNA were determined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. There was a significant stimulation of LH secretion by GnRH (ANOVA, p < 0.001) without significant differences between diestrous and lactation pituitaries. Galanin alone did not modify LH secretion but it potentiated the effect of GnRH upon pituitaries from diestrous (p = 0.036) but not lactating rats. Neither peptide alone or its combination modified pituitary ?-LH mRNA levels. Results show that galanin regulates differently the secretion and synthesis of LH at the pituitary level. The disappearance of galanin-induces potentiation of GnRH effects upon LH secretion during lactation might contribute to the hypogonadotropism of lactation in the rat.

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Título de la Revista: BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Volumen: 31
Número: 4
Editorial: Springer Nature
Fecha de publicación: 1998
Página de inicio: 351
Página final: 358