Role of Küpffer cells and PMN leukocytes in hepatic and systemic oxidative stress in rats subjected to tourniquet shock

Vega V.L.; Maldonado, M; Mardones L.; Schulz B.; Manriquez, V.; Vivaldi, E; Roa, J; Ward P.H.

Keywords: acid, rat, glutathione, activation, animals, cells, blood, rats, tocopherol, cell, liver, pressure, chloride, stress, alpha, beta, metabolism, gadolinium, carbon, pathophysiology, superoxide, peroxidase, reperfusion, female, shock, neutrophils, article, nitrite, malondialdehyde, substances, vitamin, neutrophil, aminotransferase, e, carotene, nitrites, animal, oxidative, dismutase, substance, tourniquet, alanine, Rats,, Sprague-Dawley, Sprague, Dawley, leukocyte, Reactive, thiobarbituric, kupffer, transaminase, malonaldehyde, Tourniquets


Küpffer cells (KCs) have been implicated in leukocyte recruitment and microvascular dysfunction associated with liver inflammation. The overall objective of this study was to assess the role of KCs and polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes on the oxidative stress elicited in the liver as a consequence of hind limb reperfusion in rats subjected to tourniquet shock, a shock model that differs from other models in that hepatic injury is a consequence of remote organ damage. Colloidal carbon clearance from blood and its incorporation into KCs demonstrate that these cells are activated after the 2 h hind limb reperfusion period and that they are responsible for the observed oxidative stress and for PMN leukocyte recruitment and activation. Liver oxidative stress in this model is evidenced by increased liver tissue GSSG/GSH ratio, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), an index of lipid peroxidation, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, an index of tissue-associated neutrophil accumulation, and a significant loss in total tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), as well as plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), an index of hepatic tissue injury, total SOD activity, plasma levels of ?-tocopherol and ?-carotene, and total plasma nitrite are also affected as a consequence of KC activation after the 2 h hind limb reperfusion period. Inhibition of KC activity by gadolinium chloride (GdCl 3) reverted most of the above alterations to values that do no differ from those found in control animals. These results support the hypothesis that hepatic and systemic oxidative stress elicited by hind limb reperfusion in rats subjected to tourniquet shock is both KC and PMN leukocyte dependent.

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Título de la Revista: Shock
Volumen: 11
Número: 6
Fecha de publicación: 1999
Página de inicio: 403
Página final: 410