Characteristics and impact of sedation, analgesia, and neuromuscular blockage in critical patients undergoing prolonged mechanical ventilation Características e impacto de la sedación, la analgesia y el bloqueo neuromuscular en los pacientes críticos que recibieron ventilación mecánica prolongada

Tobar, E; Bugedo G.; Andresen M.; Aguirre, M; Lira M.T.; Godoy, J; Gonzalez, H; Hernandez A.; Tomicic V.; Castro J.; Jara, J; Ugarte H.

Keywords: chile, sepsis, mortality, injury, care, patient, morphine, humans, lung, scale, human, male, block, aged, nerve, propofol, agent, illness, analgesia, fentanyl, adult, female, cohort, article, ventilation, blocking, apache, respiratory, acute, artificial, unit, sedative, midazolam, controlled, clinical, sedation, distress, studies, analgesic, neuromuscular, ill, study, middle, syndrome, major, Respiration,, rating, Conscious, lorazepam, intensive, Critical, observational, critically


Aim: To describe use of sedatives, analgesics, and neuromuscular blockers (NMB) in patients undergoing long-term mechanical ventilation and to assess factors associated with their use and their association with mortality at 28 days. Design: Prospective observational multicenter cohort study. Setting: Thirteen intensive care units (ICU) in Chile. Patients: Patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for more than 48 h. We excluded patients with neurological disorders, cirrhosis of the liver, chronic renal failure, suspected drug addiction, and early no resuscitation orders. Intervention: None. Main measurements: Proportion of use and dosage of sedatives, analgesics, and NMB. Level of sedation observed (SAS). Variables associated with the Sedation Agitation Scale (SAS), use of sedatives, analgesics, and NMB. Multivariate logistic regression of variables associated to mortality at 28 days. Results: A total of 155 patients participated (60±18 years, 57% male, SOFA 7 [6-10], APACHE II 18 [15-22], 63% with sepsis, and 47% with acute lung injury/adult respiratory distress syndrome. The drugs most frequently used were midazolam (85%, 4 [1.9-6.8] mg/hr) and fentanyl (81%, 76 [39-140] ?g/hr). NMB were administered at least 1 day in 30% of patients. SAS score was 1 or 2 in 55% of patients. There was an association between NMB use and mortality at 28 days, but it was not consistent in all the models of NMB evaluated. Conclusions: Sedatives were frequently employed and deep sedation was common. Midazolam and fentanyl were the most frequently administered drugs. The use of NMB might be independently associated to greater mortality. © 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. y SEMICYUC.

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Título de la Revista: MEDICINA INTENSIVA
Volumen: 33
Número: 7
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 311
Página final: 320