Geological Society of America Bulletin Major forearc subsidence and deep-marine Miocene sedimentation in the present Coastal Cordillera and Longitudinal Depression of south-central Chile (38 o30'S-41 o45'S)

Encinas A.; Finger K.L.; Peterson, D. E.; Buatois L.A.

Keywords: sedimentation, chile, marine, basin, zone, genes, events, oil, areas, miocene, coastal, jurassic, sediments, forearc, wells, cordillera, subsidence, accretion, pliocene, stratigraphy, sedimentology, transgression, bathyal, study, major, Late, Underplating, Neo, strata, Deep-marine, Paleobathymetry, Ero


Neogene marine strata crop out in the present Coastal Cordillera and Longitudi- nal Depression of south-central Chile be- tween 38°30''S and 41°45''S, indicating the onset of a major marine transgression that covered most of the forearc in this area. In order to determine the sedimentary envi- ronment, paleobathymetry, and age of these deposits, we carried out integrated sedi- mentologic, ichnologic, and micropaleon- tologic studies on samples from oil wells and outcrops in the region. Our results in- dicate that these successions were deposited at lower-bathyal depths (>2000 m) during the middle to late Miocene. Shallow-marine depo sition followed in the southwestern part of the study area during the Pliocene(?). We attribute deep-marine sedimentation in this area to a major event of subsidence in the Miocene that affected the entire forearc and that was caused by basal subduction ero- sion. We suggest that the anomalously thin crust that characterizes this area may have facilitated forearc subsidence and allowed the Miocene transgression to advance much farther inland here than in other regions of Chile. Subsequent uplift of the forearc is ascribed to basal accretion or underplating of sediments. Our conclusions contradict previous studies that favor a stable margin at these latitudes since the Jurassic. Deep- marine sedimentation in this area dur- ing the Miocene implies that the present Coastal Cordillera and Longitudinal De- pression were probably submerged during that epoch. © 2012 Geological Society of America.

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Título de la Revista: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America
Volumen: 124
Número: 7-8
Editorial: Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Página de inicio: 1262
Página final: 1277