Fractura de Base de Cráneo en Recién Nacidos: Caso Clínico

CASSINA F, JUAN CARLOS; QUIROGA M, DANIELA; Mena N Patricia

Keywords: meningitis, newborn, skull, recién nacidos, basal fracture, fractura base de cráneo

Abstract

Introduction: Reported incidence of cranial lesions in childbirth is about 1.7 to 59 per 10,000 births. Among these, fracture of the base of the skull is rare but serious due to sequelae and mortality. Objective: Describe a case of a newborn with a fracture of the temporal bone, review diagnosis and management of skull fractures. Clinical Case: The patient was born with assistance, use of fórceps, showed deviation of the buccal commisure and otorrhagia on the left side during puerperium. CT Sean detected fracture of the base of the cranium at the level of the temporal bone. Hemogram, cultures and spinal fluid studies were done. Prophylactic therapy was initiated. All blood studies were negative and follow up studies were normal. Discussion: Literature reviews support the diagnosis to be confirmed through a CT sean, and an active search for meningitis be started through hemocultures, hemogram, and Cerebrospinal Fluid. Management should be conservative, evaluating the need for an LR Evidence shows that antibiotic prophylaxis for meningitis has little indication in these cases.

Más información

Título según SCIELO: Fractura de Base de Cráneo en Recién Nacidos: Caso Clínico
Título de la Revista: REVISTA CHILENA DE PEDIATRIA
Volumen: 81
Número: 1
Editorial: Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría
Fecha de publicación: 2010
Página de inicio: 58
Página final: 63
Idioma: es
URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0370-41062010000100008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
DOI:

10.4067/S0370-41062010000100008

Notas: SCIELO