Optical and field emission properties in different nanostructures of ZnO

Singh J.; Kumar, P; Ramam, K; Late D.J.; More M.A.; Joag D.S.; Tiwari, R. S.; Shrivastava O.N.


ZnO nanostructures with different morphologies e.g. nanotetrapods, nanorods, nanocombs and nanoaeroplanes has been fabricated by evaporation of pure zinc powder without catalysts in the temperature range of 400?900 oC. The structures and properties of obtained products were examined using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, X-ray diffraction, room temperature photoluminescence and field emission. Photoluminescence spectra showed an ultravoilet-green emission and strong orange-red emission peaks at room temperature. The field emission studies of the as grown nanocombs revealed that threshold field, required to draw a current density of ?1.0 ?A/cm 2 is ? 1.4 V/?m. An emission current density of ?9.05 ?A/cm 2 has been drawn from nanocombs at an applied electric field of ? 1.92 V/?m. The field enhancement factor found to be ?8050, indicating that the electron emission from nanometric dimension of the emitter. Such, ZnO nanostructures are likely to be candidates as building blocks for constructing photonic and flat panel display.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures
Volumen: 7
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Página de inicio: 525
Página final: 536
URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84859446441&partnerID=40&md5=75ec2c1909074c73d1de639c8a252fe2