Arsenic methylation and lung and bladder cancer in a case-control study in northern Chile

Melak D.; Ferreccio C.; Kalman, D; Parra, R; Acevedo, J; Perez, L.; Cortés S.; Smith A.H.; Yuan, Y; Liaw J.; Steinmaus, C


In humans, ingested inorganic arsenic is metabolized to monomethylarsenic (MMA) then to dimethylarsenic (DMA), although this process is not complete in most people. The trivalent form of MMA is highly toxic in vitro and previous studies have identified associations between the proportion of urinary arsenic as MMA (%MMA) and several arsenic-related diseases. To date, however, relatively little is known about its role in lung cancer, the most common cause of arsenic-related death, or about its impacts on people drinking water with lower arsenic concentrations (e.g., <200 mu g/L). In this study, urinary arsenic metabolites were measured in 94 lung and 117 bladder cancer cases and 347 population-based controls from areas in northern Chile with a wide range of drinking water arsenic concentrations. Lung cancer odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, and smoking by increasing tertiles of %MMA were 1.00, 1.91 (95% confidence interval (Cl), 0.99-3.67), and 3.26 (1.76-6.04) (p-trend <0.001). Corresponding odds ratios for bladder cancer were 1.00, 1.81 (1.06-3.11), and 2.02 (1.15-3.54) (p-trend <0.001). In analyses confined to subjects only with arsenic water concentrations <200 mu g/L (median = 60 mu g/L), lung and bladder cancer odds ratios for subjects in the upper tertiles of %MMA compared to subjects in the lower two tertiles were 2.48 (1.08-5.68) and 2.37 (1.01-5.57), respectively. Overall, these findings provide evidence that inter-individual differences in arsenic metabolism may be an important risk factor for arsenic-related lung cancer, and may play a role in cancer risks among people exposed to relatively low arsenic water concentrations. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: Arsenic methylation and lung and bladder cancer in a case-control study in northern Chile
Volumen: 274
Número: 2
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 225
Página final: 231
Idioma: English


Notas: ISI