SR-A Regulates the Inflammatory Activation of Astrocytes
Scavenger receptor Class A (SR-A) participates in the regulation of inflammatory processes against pathogens and in inflammatory stimulation. We have recently demonstrated the presence of SR-A in astrocytes, but its participation in their inflammatory response is unknown. Astrocytes regulate neuroinflammation through the regulation of microglial cell activation and the production of cytokines, neurotrophic factors, and reactive species. Using astrocytes from SR-A(-/-) mice in culture, we assessed the participation of SR-A in their inflammatory activation, evaluating the activation of I kappa B/NF-kappa B and MAPK signaling pathways and the production of nitric oxide (NO) and IL-1 beta in response to SR-A ligands. In SR-A(-/-) astrocytes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced higher levels of NO and reduced levels of IL-1 beta compared to SR-A(+/+) cells. In addition, SR-A(-/-) astrocytes had a reduced basal and LPS-stimulated JNK phosphorylation, and a delayed activation on I kappa B/NF-kappa B signaling pathway in response to LPS. Moreover, inhibition of the ERK pathway reduced NO production by SR-A(-/-) cells, suggesting that this signaling pathway modulated LPS-induced NO production, an effect that depended on the presence of SR-A. Our results suggest that SR-A participates in the modulation of signaling pathways involved in the production of soluble molecules implicated in the neuroinflammatory response.
|Título según WOS:||SR-A Regulates the Inflammatory Activation of Astrocytes|
|Título según SCOPUS:||SR-A regulates the inflammatory activation of astrocytes|
|Título de la Revista:||NEUROTOXICITY RESEARCH|
|Fecha de publicación:||2014|
|Página de inicio:||68|