Envelope Analysis of the Airflow Signal To Improve Polysomnographic Assessment of Sleep Disordered Breathing

Díaz J.A.; Arancibia J.M.; Bassi A.; Vivaldi E.A.


Study Objectives: Given the detailed respiratory waveform signal provided by the nasal cannula in polysomnographic (PSG) studies, to quantify sleep breathing disturbances by extracting a continuous variable based on the coefficient of variation of the envelope of that signal. Design: Application of an algorithm for envelope analysis to standard nasal cannula signal from actual polysomnographic studies. Setting: PSG recordings from a sleep disorders center were analyzed by an algorithm developed on the Igor scientific data analysis software. Patients or Participants: Recordings representative of different degrees of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) severity or illustrative of the covariation between breathing and particularly relevant factors and variables. Interventions: The method calculated the coefficient of variation of the envelope for each 30-second epoch. The normalized version of that coefficient was defined as the respiratory disturbance variable (RDV). The method outcome was the all-night set of RDV values represented as a time series. Measurements and Results: RDV quantitatively reflected departure from normal sinusoidal breathing at each epoch, providing an intensity scale for disordered breathing. RDV dynamics configured itself in recognizable patterns for the airflow limitation (e. g., in UARS) and the apnea/ hypopnea regimes. RDV reliably highlighted clinically meaningful associations with staging, body position, oximetry, or CPAP titration. Conclusions: Respiratory disturbance variable can assess sleep breathing disturbances as a gradual phenomenon while providing a comprehensible and detailed representation of its dynamics. It may thus improve clinical diagnosis and provide a revealing descriptive tool for mechanistic sleep disordered breathing modeling. Respiratory disturbance variable may contribute to attaining simplified screening methodologies, novel diagnostic criteria, and insightful research tools.

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Título según WOS: Envelope Analysis of the Airflow Signal To Improve Polysomnographic Assessment of Sleep Disordered Breathing
Título de la Revista: SLEEP
Volumen: 37
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 199
Página final: 208
Idioma: English
URL: http://www.journalsleep.org/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=29272


Notas: ISI