Enantioselective hydrogenation of 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione over Pt on immobilized cinchonidine on gamma-Al2O3 catalysts
Chirally modified gamma-Al2O3 containing different amounts of cinchonidine were prepared by the chemical modification of cinchonidine with trimethoxysilane (TMS-CD). These solids were used as support of Pt catalysts containing 1 wt% Pt by chemical reduction of the hexachloroplatinic acid with H-2 at 25 degrees C and 40 bar. The characterization was carried out by elemental analysis of C, H and N, TG, DRIFT, NMR C-13 and Si-29 on solid state, N-2 adsorption-desorption at 77K, XDR, XPS and TEM. The catalytic activity was evaluated in the hydrogenation of 1-phenyl-propane-1,2-dione in a batch reactor at 298 K and 40 bar. The effect of H-2 pressure, concentration substrate, catalyst mass, solvents effect and recycles, of the catalyst with the major enantiomeric excess was studied. It was found that all catalysts were active in the reaction being the enantiomeric excess of the target product, 1-R-phenyl-1-hydroxy-2-propanone in the range 30-44% and the best catalyst is that supported on gamma-Al2O3 with a nominal content of 5 wt% TMS-CD. The results obtained in this study confirm that the variation of reaction conditions show a dependence on the activity and enantioselectivity for substrate adsorption in the metal active sites. In the solvent effect, enantiomeric excess decreased non-linearly with an increasing solvent dielectric and we could be attributed to the interactions between solvents and TMS-CD in the surface. In the recycles studies enantiomeric excess was achieved as 40% even after 3rd reuse with a slight loss in activity and enantiomeric excess. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Enantioselective hydrogenation of 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione over Pt on immobilized cinchonidine on gamma-Al2O3 catalysts|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Enantioselective hydrogenation of 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione over Pt on immobilized cinchonidine on ?-Al2O3 catalysts|
|Título de la Revista:||APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL|
|Fecha de publicación:||2013|
|Página de inicio:||198|