Reducing the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia following heart surgery: 13-year experience of epidemiologic surveillance in a teaching hospital

Ajenjo, MC; Zambrano, A; Eugenin MI; Achurra P.; Zalaquett R.; Irarrazaval, MJ; de la Cerda G.; Fernández P.; Baranao, M; Fuentealba P.; Ferrés M.; Garcia P.; Pérez, C.; Labarca, J

Abstract

Reducing the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia following heart surgery: 13-year experience of epidemiologic surveillance in a teaching hospital Objectives: To report the results of 13 years worth of epidemiologic surveillance of ventilator-associated pneumonia (YAP) following heart surgery and the main interventions applied in order to reduce YAP incidence. Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study of active epidemiologic surveillance of VAP. National diagnostic criteria were used. Interventions associated with a decrease in YAP incidence in adults who underwent heart surgery are described. Results: A significant and sustained reduction was observed in the rate of YAP; being 56.7 per 1,000 ventilator-days in 1998 vs 4.7 per 1,000 ventilator-days in 2010 (p < 0.001). The strongest reduction was observed following 2003 (34.4 to 14.8 per 1,000 ventilator-days in 2004, p < 0.001). The interventions with greatest impact were the implementation of an early-weaning protocol, the introduction of trained nurses to perform the mechanical ventilator equipment management and the routine use of alcohol-based hand rubs. Conclusion: Epidemiologic surveillance associated with the establishment of a multifactorial intervention program applied in collaboration with the attending team, have demonstrated a significant reduction of YAP incidence after heart surgery.

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Título según WOS: Reducing the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia following heart surgery: 13-year experience of epidemiologic surveillance in a teaching hospital
Título de la Revista: Revista Chilena de Infectologia
Volumen: 30
Número: 2
Editorial: Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página de inicio: 129
Página final: 134
Idioma: Spanish
Notas: ISI