Epibenthic macrofaunal community response after a mega-earthquake and tsunami in a shallow bay off central-south Chile
On February 27, 2010, the world's sixth strongest earthquake on record (8.8 M (w)) and tsunami hit central Chile. We assess the response of the epibenthic macrofaunal community following this event in Coliumo Bay, one of the areas most affected by this mega-perturbation. The indicators of aggregate and compositional variability show that 3 years after this event, the community appears to have undergone the following dynamics: (1) At an inter-annual timescale, the community (both in density and biomass) shifted through different structures with apparent directionality; (2) Oceanographic and biological seasonality had a strong cyclical influence on the inter-annual community response; (3) There was spatial homogenization of the community over time (i.e., recovery of diversity), probably promoted by the ecological functionality of scavenger species (i.e., crab Cancer coronatus and snail Nassarius spp.) and by the proportional increase in non-dominant species; (4) Bathymetry and bottom dissolved oxygen also played significant roles in the spatial structure of this community; (5) Three years after the perturbation, total density and total community biomass were still considerably below those described under unperturbed conditions, mainly associated with the decrease in density and biomass of dominant species. Therefore, in spite of this apparent community compositional recovery, the aggregate variability currently remains below the levels reported prior to the effect of the mega-earthquake and tsunami. These results provide evidence that supports both the Cross-Scale Resilience Hypothesis and the Response Diversity Hypothesis.
|Título según WOS:||Epibenthic macrofaunal community response after a mega-earthquake and tsunami in a shallow bay off central-south Chile|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Epibenthic macrofaunal community response after a mega-earthquake and tsunami in a shallow bay off central-south Chile|
|Título de la Revista:||MARINE BIOLOGY|
|Fecha de publicación:||2014|
|Página de inicio:||681|