Cationic hemicellulose-based hydrogels for arsenic and chromium removal from aqueous solutions

Dax D.; Chavez M.A.; Xu, C.; Willför S.; Teixeira Mendonca, R.; SANCHEZ J.

Abstract

In this work the synthesis of hemicellulose-based hydrogels and their application for the removal of arsenic and chromium ions is described. In a first step O-acetyl galactoglucomannan (GGM) was subjected to a transesterification applying glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) for the synthesis of novel GGM macromonomers. Two distinguished and purified GGM fractions with molar mass of 7.1 and 28 kDa were used as starting materials. The resulting GGM macromonomers (GGM-MA) contained well-defined amounts of methacrylate groups as determined by H-1 NMR spectroscopy. Selected GGM-MA derivatives were consecutively applied as a crosslinker in the synthesis of tailored hydrogels using [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (MeDMA) as monomer. The swelling rate of the hydrogels was determined and the coherence between the swelling rate and the hydrogel composition was examined. The morphology of the GGM-based hydrogels was analysed by SEM and the hydrogels revealed a high surface area and were assessed in respect to their ability to remove arsenate and chromate ions from aqueous solutions. The presented bio-based hydrogels are of high interest especially for the mining industries as a sustainable material for the treatment of their highly contaminated wastewaters. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: Cationic hemicellulose-based hydrogels for arsenic and chromium removal from aqueous solutions
Título según SCOPUS: Cationic hemicellulose-based hydrogels for arsenic and chromium removal from aqueous solutions
Título de la Revista: CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS
Volumen: 111
Editorial: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 797
Página final: 805
Idioma: English
DOI:

10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.05.045

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS - ISI