Dual role of glutamatergic neurotransmission on amyloid beta(1-42) aggregation and neurotoxicity in embryonic avian retina.

Louzada PR Jr1, Paula Lima AC, de Mello FG, Ferreira ST.


The effects of glutamate receptor antagonists on the toxicity of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta(1-42)) in embryonic chick retina were investigated. When used alone or in combination, the N-methyl-D-asparate antagonist, MK-801, the (+/-)-alphaamino-3-hydroxyl-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid/kainate antagonist, DNQX, and the metabotropic receptor antagonist, (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid, blocked the neurotoxicity of Abeta(1-42). Aggregation of Abeta(1-42) was significantly increased in the presence of acidic glutamate solutions, but not in the presence of other neurotransmitters. These results point to a dual role of glutamatergic transmission in Alzheimer's disease (AD): (i) Abeta neurotoxicity requires activation of glutamate receptors and its blockade prevents cell death; (ii) high concentrations of glutamate in the synaptic cleft indirectly enhance Abeta aggregation through acidification of the medium, resulting in increased amounts of neurotoxic amyloid fibrils. These results suggest that glutamatergic neurotransmission may represent a novel target for therapeutic approaches in AD.

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Título de la Revista: NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS
Volumen: 301
Número: 1
Fecha de publicación: 2001
Página de inicio: 59
Página final: 63
Idioma: English
Notas: ISI