Resveratrol inhibits the epithelial sodium channel via phopshoinositides and AMP-activated protein kinase in kidney collecting duct cells.

Weixel, Kelly M.; Marciszyn, Allison; Alzamora, Rodrigo; Li, Hui; Fischer, Oliver; Edinger, Robert S.; Hallows, Kenneth R.; Johnson, John P.


Resveratrol, a naturally occurring phytoalexin, has reported cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory, chemopreventative and antidiabetic properties. Several studies indicate the multiple effects of resveratrol on cellular function are due to its inhibition of class 1A phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) mediated signaling pathways, but it also activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). As sodium transport in the kidney via the Epithelial Sodium Channel (ENaC) is highly sensitive to changes in phosphoinositide signaling in the membrane and AMPK, we employed resveratrol to probe the relative effects of phosphatidylinositol species in the plasma membrane and AMPK activity and their impact on ENaC activity in mouse cortical collecting duct (mpkCCD(c14)) cells. Here we demonstrate that resveratrol acutely reduces amiloride-sensitive current in mpkCCD(c14) cells. The time course and dose dependency of this inhibition paralleled depletion of the PI(3,4,5)P-3 reporter (AKT-PH) in live-cell microscopy, indicating the early inhibition is likely mediated by resveratrol's known effects on PI3K activity. Additionally, resveratrol induces a late inhibitory effect (4-24 hours) that appears to be mediated via AMPK activation. Resveratrol treatment induces significant AMPK activation compared with vehicle controls after 4 h, which persists through 16 h. Knockdown of AMPK or treatment with the AMPK inhibitor Compound C reduced the late phase of current reduction but had no effect on the early inhibitory activity of resveratrol. Collectively, these data demonstrate that resveratrol inhibits ENaC activity by a dual effect: an early reduction in activity seen within 5 minutes related to depletion of membrane PIP3, and a sustained late (4-24 h) effect secondary to activation of AMPK.

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Título de la Revista: PLOS ONE
Volumen: 8
Número: 10
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Página de inicio: e78019
Página final: e78019
Idioma: English