Functional Role of Connexins and Pannexins in the Interaction Between Vascular and Nervous System

Gaete, Pablo S., Lillo, Mauricio A., Figueroa, Xavier F.


The microvascular network of the microcirculation works in tight communication with surrounding tissues to control blood supply and exchange of solutes. In cerebral circulation, microvascular endothelial cells constitute a selective permeability barrier that controls the environment of parenchymal brain tissue, which is known as the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Connexin-and pannexin-formed channels (gap junctions and hemichannels) play a central role in the coordination of endothelial and smooth muscle cell function and connexin-mediated signaling in endothelial cells is essential in the regulation of BBB permeability. Likewise, gap junction communication between astrocyte end-feet also contributes to maintain the BBB integrity, but the participation of hemichannels in this process cannot be discarded. Sympathetic and sensory perivascular nerves are also involved in the control and coordination of vascular function through the release of vasoconstrictor or vasodilator signals and by the regulation of gap junction communication in the vessel wall. Conversely, ATP release through pannexin-1-formed channels mediates the alpha 1-adrenergic signaling. Furthermore, here we show that capsaicin-induced CGRP release from mesenteric perivascular sensory nerves induces pannexin-1-formed channel opening, which in turn leads to reduction of pannexin-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression along the time. Interestingly, blockade of CGRP receptors with CGRP(8-37) increased eNOS expression by similar to 5-fold, suggesting that capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves are involved in the control of key signaling proteins for vascular function. In this review, we discuss the importance of connexin-based channels in the control of BBB integrity and the functional interaction of vascular connexins and pannexins with the peripheral nervous system. (C) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Título según WOS: Functional Role of Connexins and Pannexins in the Interaction Between Vascular and Nervous System
Título según SCOPUS: Functional role of connexins and pannexins in the interaction between vascular and nervous system
Volumen: 229
Número: 10
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 1336
Página final: 1345
Idioma: English