Gold nanoparticles grown inside carbon nanotubes: synthesis and electrical transport measurements

Segura, Rodrigo A.; Contreras, Claudia.; Henriquez, Ricardo; Häberle, Patricio; Acuña, José Javier S; Adrian, Alvaro; Alvarez, Pedro; Hevia, Samuel A.


The hybrid structures composed of gold nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes were prepared using porous alumina membranes as templates. Carbon nanotubes were synthesized inside the pores of these templates by the non-catalytic decomposition of acetylene. The inner cavity of the supported tubes was used as nanoreactors to grow gold particles by impregnation with a gold salt, followed by a calcination-reduction process. The samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray energy dispersion spectroscopy techniques. The resulting hybrid products are mainly encapsulated gold nanoparticles with different shapes and dimensions depending on the concentration of the gold precursor and the impregnation procedure. In order to understand the electronic transport mechanisms in these nanostructures, their conductance was measured as a function of temperature. The samples exhibit a 'non-metallic' temperature dependence where the dominant electron transport mechanism is 1D hopping. Depending on the impregnation procedure, the inclusion of gold nanoparticles inside the CNTs can introduce significant changes in the structure of the tubes and the mechanisms for electronic transport. The electrical resistance of these hybrid structures was monitored under different gas atmospheres at ambient pressure. Using this hybrid nanostructures, small amounts of acetylene and hydrogen were detected with an increased sensibility compared with pristine carbon nanotubes. Although the sensitivity of these hybrid nanostructures is rather low compared to alternative sensing elements, their response is remarkably fast under changing gas atmospheres. 81.07.-b; 81.15.Gh; 81.07.De.

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Título según WOS: Gold nanoparticles grown inside carbon nanotubes: synthesis and electrical transport measurements
Título según SCOPUS: Gold nanoparticles grown inside carbon nanotubes: Synthesis and electrical transport measurements
Volumen: 9
Número: 1
Editorial: SpringerOpen
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 1
Página final: 13
Idioma: English