Further insight into the inhibitory action of a LIM/double zinc-finger motif of an agmatinase-like protein
Agmatine is a precursor for polyamine biosynthesis also associated to neurotransmitter, anticonvulsant, antineurotoxic and antidepressant actions in the brain. It results from decarboxylation of L-arginine by arginine decarboxylase and it is hydrolyzed to urea and putrescine by agmatinase. Recently, we have described a new protein which also hydrolyzes agmatine although its sequence greatly differs from all known agmatinases. This agmatinase-like protein (ALP) contains a LIM-like double Zn-finger domain close to its carboxyl terminus, whose removal results in a truncated variant with a 10-fold increased k(cat), and a 3-fold decreased K-m value for agmatine. Our proposal was that the LIM-domain functions as an autoinhibitory, regulatory entity for ALP. Results in this report provide additional support for the postulated inhibitory effect. The purified isolated LIM domain was shown to be competitively inhibitory to a truncated variant ALP (lacking the LIM-domain), but not to the wild-type species. The C453A variant was shown to be a Zn2+-free enzyme with kinetic parameters similar to those of the truncated-ALP. A molecular dynamic simulation of a modeled LIM-domain 3D structure showed that, as a consequence of C453A mutation, the coordination of the zinc ion is broken and the structure of the zinc finger is melted. The inhibitory action of the LIM/double Zinc-finger motif was associated to a significant conformational change, as detected by tryptophan fluorescence studies, but was not related to changes in the association of the enzyme with the catalytically essential Mn2+. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:
|Further insight into the inhibitory action of a LIM/double zinc-finger motif of an agmatinase-like protein
|Título de la Revista:
|JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY
|Elsevier Science Inc.
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|ISI - ISI