Management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: An evidence-based clinical practice review

Arab, JP; Candia, R; Zapata, R; Munoz, C; Arancibia JP; Poniachik, J; Soza A.; Fuster, F; Brahm, J; Sanhueza E.; Contreras, J.; Cuellar, MC; Arrese M.; Riquelme A.

Abstract

AIM: To build a consensus among Chilean specialists on the appropriate management of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in clinical practice. METHODS: NAFLD has now reached epidemic proportions worldwide. The optimal treatment for NAFLD has not been established due to a lack of evidence-based recommendations. An expert panel of members of the Chilean Gastroenterological Society and the Chilean Hepatology Association conducted a structured analysis of the current literature on NAFLD therapy. The quality of the evidence and the level of recommendations supporting each statement were assessed according to the recommendations of the United States Preventive Services Task Force. A modified three-round Delphi technique was used to reach a consensus among the experts. RESULTS: A group of thirteen experts was established. The survey included 17 open-ended questions that were distributed among the experts, who assessed the articles associated with each question. The levels of agreement achieved by the panel were 93.8% in the first round and 100% in the second and third rounds. The final recommendations support the indication of lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise, for all patients with NAFLD. Proven pharmacological therapies include only vitamin E and pioglitazone, which can be used in nondiabetic patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (the progressive form of NAFLD), although the long-term safety and efficacy of these therapies have not yet been established. CONCLUSION: Current NAFLD management is rapidly evolving, and new pathophysiology-based therapies are expected to be introduced in the near future. All NAFLD patients should be evaluated using a three-focused approach that considers the risks of liver disease, diabetes and cardiovascular events. (C) 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: Management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: An evidence-based clinical practice review
Título según SCOPUS: Management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: An evidence-based clinical practice review
Título de la Revista: World Journal of Gastroenterology
Volumen: 20
Número: 34
Editorial: BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 12182
Página final: 12201
Idioma: English
DOI:

10.3748/wjg.v20.i34.12182

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS