ATLASGAL - towards a complete sample of massive star forming clumps

Urquhart, JS; Moore, TJT; Csengeri, T; Wyrowski, F; Schuller, F; Hoare, MG; Lumsden, SL; Mottram, JC; Thompson, MA; Menten, KM; Walmsley, CM; Bronfman, L.; Pfalzner, S; Konig, C; Wienen, M


By matching infrared-selected, massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) and compact H II regions in the Red MSX Source survey to massive clumps found in the submillimetre ATLASGAL (APEX Telescope Large Area Survey of the Galaxy) survey, we have identified similar to 1000 embedded young massive stars between 280 degrees < l < 350 degrees and 10 degrees < l < 60 degrees with vertical bar b vertical bar < 1 degrees.5. Combined with an existing sample of radio-selected methanol masers and compact H II regions, the result is a catalogue of similar to 1700 massive stars embedded within similar to 1300 clumps located across the inner Galaxy, containing three observationally distinct subsamples, methanol-maser, MYSO and H II-region associations, covering the most important tracers of massive star formation, thought to represent key stages of evolution. We find that massive star formation is strongly correlated with the regions of highest column density in spherical, centrally condensed clumps. We find no significant differences between the three samples in clump structure or the relative location of the embedded stars, which suggests that the structure of a clump is set before the onset of star formation, and changes little as the embedded object evolves towards the main sequence. There is a strong linear correlation between clump mass and bolometric luminosity, with the most massive stars forming in the most massive clumps. We find that the MYSO and H II-region subsamples are likely to cover a similar range of evolutionary stages and that the majority are near the end of their main accretion phase. We find few infrared-bright MYSOs associated with the most massive clumps, probably due to very short pre-main-sequence lifetimes in the most luminous sources.

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Título según WOS: ATLASGAL - towards a complete sample of massive star forming clumps
Título según SCOPUS: ATLASGAL - towards a complete sample of massive star forming clumps
Volumen: 443
Número: 2
Editorial: Oxford Academic
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 1555
Página final: 1586
Idioma: English