Laboratory surveillance for invasive meningococcal disease in Chile, 2006-2012

Araya, P; Díaz, J; Seoane, M.; fernandez, j; Terrazas S.; Canals, A; Vaquero, A; barra, g; Hormazabal, JC.; Pidal, P; Valenzuela, MT

Abstract

Background: Laboratory surveillance of Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) is performed by the Institute of Public Health of Chile. It confirms identification, classifies in serogroups and analyzes the genetic profiles of Neisseria meningitidis isolates from laboratories throughout the country. Aim: To show the results of this surveillance from 2006 to 2012. Methods: A descriptive data analysis of the confirmed cases of IMD and serological characterization, susceptibility and genetic profiles of the isolates. The analysis was disaggregated by serogroup, age and region. Results: From 2006 to 2012, 486 isolates of N. meningitidis were confirmed. In 2011 a rise in IMD rates was observed due to an increase in W serogroup cases, mainly affecting children aged 5 years or less. Serogroup W became the most prevalent during 2012 (58.3%), replacing the historically prevalent serogoup B. Predominating strains belonged to ST-32 complex/ET-5 complex (40, 4% of strains) and ST-41/44 complex/Lineage 3 (45, 9% of strains). Conclusions: Laboratory surveillance has allowed the early detection of increasing IMD caused by serogroup W, which is emergent in Chile. This information has reinforced the daily monitoring of new cases, in collaboration with all the clinical laboratories of the country.

Más información

Título según WOS: Laboratory surveillance for invasive meningococcal disease in Chile, 2006-2012
Título de la Revista: Revista chilena de infectología
Volumen: 31
Número: 4
Editorial: Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 377
Página final: 384
Idioma: Spanish
Notas: ISI