The Endometrium of Cycling Cows Contains Populations of Putative Mesenchymal Progenitor Cells

Cabezas J.; Lara, E; Pacha, P; Rojas D.; Veraguas D.; Saravia F.; Rodriguez-Alvarez, L; Castro, FO


Endometrial stem cells have been identified in humans, mice and pigs. This study was designed to determine whether the uterine endometrium of cycling cows contains such cells, to identify markers of stemness and ultimately to isolate putative stem/progenitor cell and evaluate their capability to differentiate into mesodermal derivatives. Uteri from healthy cows in the early (days 1-5) and late luteal phases (days 13-18) of the oestrous cycle were collected. Total RNA and proteins were isolated and searched for gene markers of embryonic (OCT4, NANOG, SOX2) and mesenchymal (CD44, STAT3, CD-117) stem cells and for protein markers (Oct4, Sox2, Cd44) in Western blots or immunostaining of paraffin-embedded tissue. Primary cell cultures were isolated; characterized in terms of morphology, colony formation and gene/protein expression; and induced osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation. We identified expression of embryonic (OCT4 and SOX2, but not NANOG) and mesenchymal (STAT3, CD44 and c-KIT) gene markers in the endometrium of cycling cows and the encoded proteins (Oct4, Sox2 and Cd44) in both stages of the oestrous cycle. Derived cell lines displayed essentially the same gene expression pattern; however, at the protein level, Oct4 was not detected. No clear influence of the stage of the oestrous cycle was found. Cell lines from late luteal phase displayed osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation potential upon chemical stimulation. In this research, we demonstrated the presence of mesenchymal progenitor cell populations of apparently mesenchymal origin in the endometrium of cycling cows, in both the early and late phases of the oestrous cycle. The cells isolated from the late luteal phase were more acquiescent to differentiate into mesodermal derivatives than cells in the early luteal phase. Our findings might have implications for the understanding of uterine stem cell biology in cows and other farm animal species.

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Título según WOS: The Endometrium of Cycling Cows Contains Populations of Putative Mesenchymal Progenitor Cells
Título según SCOPUS: The endometrium of cycling cows contains populations of putative mesenchymal progenitor cells
Volumen: 49
Número: 4
Editorial: Wiley
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Página de inicio: 550
Página final: 559
Idioma: English