The Self-Assembly of a Cyclic Lipopeptides Mixture Secreted by a B. megaterium Strain and Its Implications on Activity against a Sensitive Bacillus Species

Pueyo, MT; Mutafci, BA; Soto-Arriaza, MA; Di Mascio, P; Carmona-Ribeiro, AM

Abstract

Cyclic lipopeptides are produced by a soil Bacillus megaterium strain and several other Bacillus species. In this work, they are detected both in the Bacillus intact cells and the cells culture medium by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The cyclic lipopeptides self-assemble in water media producing negatively charged and large aggregates (300-800 nm of mean hydrodynamic radius) as evaluated by dynamic light scattering and zeta-potential analysis. The aggregate size depends on pH and ionic strength. However, it is not affected by changes in the osmolarity of the outer medium suggesting the absence of an internal aqueous compartment despite the occurrence of low molecular weight phospholipids in their composition as determined from inorganic phosphorus analysis. The activity against a sensitive Bacillus cereus strain was evaluated from inhibition halos and B. cereus lysis. Essential features determining the antibiotic activity on susceptible Bacillus cereus cells are the preserved cyclic moiety conferring cyclic lipopeptides resistance to proteases and the medium pH. The aggregates are inactive per se at the pH of the culture medium which is around 6 or below. The knock out of the sensitive cells only takes place when the aggregates are disassembled due to a high negative charge at pH above 6.

Más información

Título según WOS: The Self-Assembly of a Cyclic Lipopeptides Mixture Secreted by a B. megaterium Strain and Its Implications on Activity against a Sensitive Bacillus Species
Título según SCOPUS: The self-assembly of a cyclic lipopeptides mixture secreted by a B. megaterium strain and its implications on activity against a sensitive Bacillus species
Título de la Revista: PLOS ONE
Volumen: 9
Número: 5
Editorial: PLOS is a nonprofit, Open Access publisher
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Idioma: English
DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0097261

Notas: ISI, SCOPUS