Identification of novel 11 beta-HSD1 inhibitors by combined ligand- and structure-based virtual screening
11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) converts cortisone to cortisol in a NADPH dependent manner. Overexpression of 11 beta-HSD1 in key metabolic tissues is related to the development of type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. Using crystal structures of human 11 beta-HSD1 in complex with inhibitors as source of structural information, a combined ligand and structure-based virtual screening approach was implemented to identify novel 11 beta-HSD1 inhibitors. A selected group of compounds was identified in silico and further evaluated in cell-based assays for cytotoxicity and 11 beta-HSD1 mediated cortisol production inhibitory capacity. The expression of 11 beta-HSD1 and 11 beta-HSD2 in human LS14 adipocytes was assessed during differentiation. Biological evaluation of 39 compounds in adipocytes and steroids quantification by HPLC-MS/MS identify 4 compounds that exhibit 11 beta-HSD1 mediated cortisol production inhibitory activity with potencies in the micromolar range. Two compounds showed to be selective for the 11 beta-HSD1 reductase activity and over 11 beta-HSD2 isoform, and thus represent novel leads for the development of more active derivatives with higher efficacies targeting intracellular cortisol levels in type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Identification of novel 11 beta-HSD1 inhibitors by combined ligand- and structure-based virtual screening|
|Título de la Revista:||MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY|
|Editorial:||ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2014|
|Página de inicio:||71|