Extraction and characterization of hemicelluloses from Pinus radiata and its feasibility for bioethanol production [Extração e caracterização de hemiceluloses de pinus radiata e sua viabilidade para a produção de bioetanol]
Galactoglucomannans are the major hemicellulosic fraction present in softwoods, and is mainly composed by the hexoses: galactose, glucose and mannose. The efficient and selective isolation of these hemicelluloses is regarded as one of the most critical obstacles to overcome for their utilization. The objective of the current work was to extract and characterize acidic and neutral aqueous solutions of hemicelluloses from Pinus radiate wood chips and investigate their feasibility for bioethanol production. Hemicelluloses in P. radiata represented26 g/100 g wood (o.d.w.) and hexoses are responsible for approximately 64% of this amount. According to the different extraction conditions, approximately 50% of the hemicellulosic fraction was solubilized and recovered after precipitation with ethanol. The recovered hemicellulosic fractions were in the form of oligomers with weight-average molecular weigth (Mw) varying from 4×103 to 4×105 g/mol. Hemicellulosic oligomers were hydrolyzed with dilute sulfuric acid and the hydrolysates concentrated until approximately 70 g/L of hexoses and fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast. Fermentation results showed that sugar obtained from acid and neutral extractions were fermented to ethanol with maximum yields of 63% and 54% (22 g/L and 19 g/L), respectively. The conversion of wood hemicellulosic substrates to ethanol is feasible but the low ethanol yields obtained make the process not economically attractive and optimization of the processor alternatives uses for hemicelluloses should be evaluated.
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|Extraction and characterization of hemicelluloses from Pinus radiata and its feasibility for bioethanol production [Extração e caracterização de hemiceluloses de pinus radiata e sua viabilidade para a produção de bioetanol]
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|UNIV FEDERAL VICOSA
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