Manipulation of pyrite colonization and leaching by iron-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus species

Bellenberg S.; Barthen R.; Boretska M.; Zhang, RY; Sand W.; VERA M.

Keywords: attachment, biofilms, fluorescence microscopy, eps, Pyrite dissolution


In this study, the process of pyrite colonization and leaching by three iron-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus species was investigated by fluorescence microscopy, bacterial attachment, and leaching assays. Within the first 4-5 days, only the biofilm subpopulation was responsible for pyrite dissolution. Pyrite-grown cells, in contrast to iron-grown cells, were able to oxidize iron(II) ions or pyrite after 24 h iron starvation and incubation with 1 mM H2O2, indicating that these cells were adapted to the presence of enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are generated on metal sulfide surfaces. Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans SS3 and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans R1 showed enhanced pyrite colonization and biofilm formation compared to A. ferrooxidans(T). A broad range of factors influencing the biofilm formation on pyrite were also identified, some of them were strain-specific. Cultivation at non-optimum growth temperatures or increased ionic strength led to a decreased colonization of pyrite. The presence of iron(III) ions increased pyrite colonization, especially when pyrite-grown cells were used, while the addition of 20 mM copper(II) ions resulted in reduced biofilm formation on pyrite. This observation correlated with a different extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) composition of copper-exposed cells. Interestingly, the addition of 1 mM sodium glucuronate in combination with iron(III) ions led to a 5-fold and 7-fold increased cell attachment after 1 and 8 days of incubation, respectively, in A. ferrooxidans(T). In addition, sodium glucuronate addition enhanced pyrite dissolution by 25 %.

Más información

Título según WOS: Manipulation of pyrite colonization and leaching by iron-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus species
Volumen: 99
Número: 3
Editorial: Springer
Fecha de publicación: 2015
Página de inicio: 1435
Página final: 1449
Idioma: English


Notas: ISI