FORMATION OF CARBON-ENHANCED METAL-POOR STARS IN THE PRESENCE OF FAR-ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
Keywords: hydrodynamics, astrochemistry, cosmology: theory, methods: numerical
Recent discoveries of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars like SMSS J031300.36-670839.3 provide increasing observational insights into the formation conditions of the first second-generation stars in the universe, reflecting the chemical conditions after the first supernova explosion. Here, we present the first cosmological simulations with a detailed chemical network including primordial species as well as C, C+, O, O+, Si, Si+, and Si2+ following the formation of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars. The presence of background UV flux delays the collapse from z = 21 to z = 15 and cool the gas down to the cosmic microwave background temperature for a metallicity of Z/Z(circle dot) = 10(-3). This can potentially lead to the formation of lower-mass stars. Overall, we find that the metals have a stronger effect on the collapse than the radiation, yielding a comparable thermal structure for large variations in the radiative background. We further find that radiative backgrounds are not able to delay the collapse for Z/Z(circle dot) = 10(-2) or a carbon abundance as in SMSS J031300.36-670839.3.
|Título según WOS:||FORMATION OF CARBON-ENHANCED METAL-POOR STARS IN THE PRESENCE OF FAR-ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION|
|Título de la Revista:||ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS|
|Editorial:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Fecha de publicación:||2014|
|Notas:||ISI - ISI|